May 17, 2020

Turkish doctor completes world's third full face transplant surgery

Hospital Leadership
Hospital Leadership
3 min
Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin was among a team of surgeons successfully performing the world’s third full face transplant surgery.
Turkeys leading private health care group—and the second largest health care group in the world through its partnership with IHH Berhard—Aci...

Turkey’s leading private health care group—and the second largest health care group in the world through its partnership with IHH Berhard—Acibadem Healthcare held a public seminar with one of its leading surgeons, Assoc. Prof. Mehmet Veli Karaaltin, specializing in plastic, aesthetic and reconstructive surgery, in London recently. 

Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin was among a team of surgeons successfully performing the world’s third full face transplant surgery and is well-recognized for his pioneering methods in the field that include a breakthrough method for facial paralysis that involves transferring a small muscle on the foot that functions similarly to the movement and tissue on the face and the world’s first lymph node transfer to the inguinal region.

World Firsts from Acibadem

One of Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin’s most outstanding successes is the world’s first special method he developed for operating on facial paralysis patients. Transferring a small muscle on the foot that functions similarly to the movement and tissue on the face, the procedure achieves with one surgery the results achieved in two surgeries previously. 

Commenting on the success of his method, Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin said: “We have performed this surgery on five patients so far and the results have been very successful. We have managed to achieve symmetry in eye, lip and nose movement. Our patients’ facial mimics become visible over the course of 4-5 weeks following the surgery through further physical therapy and acupuncture. The use of this foot muscle is a method first of its kind in the world. We now solely use this method for our facial paralysis patients and witness them make a faster return to their social lives.”

The procedure—that is performed on patients who develop facial paralysis at birth, following brain surgery or through an injury—has been attracting patients from all over the world to Acibadem hospitals.

Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin is also the first surgeon in the world to perform a lymph node transfer from the neck to the inguinal region and is among a team of surgeons successfully performing the world’s third full face transplant surgery.

Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery

In the field of plastic and aesthetic surgery, Acibadem’s Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin also performs the advanced ultrasound liposuction method VASER that minimises bleeding and achieves the same results as a traditional liposuction through this less intrusive surgery option. Acibadem’s team of experts use the latest technology available, taking a 3D scan of the patient prior to surgery and calculating the changes to be made to more accurately perform the necessary changes at the operating table.

Treating Patients from Conflict Zones

Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin also works extensively with patients in the conflict zone arriving at Acibadem Hospitals from nearby countries through bilateral government agreements, having successfully treated many patients who have had severe trauma. Assoc. Prof. Karaaltin emphasized that working on such cases provides an immense learning experience and allows the team of surgeons at Acibadem hospitals to further increase their levels of expertise.

Turkey’s leading private healthcare provider, Acibadem Hospitals Group has highly-experienced specialist surgeons performing outstanding work in their fields.

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Jun 13, 2021

How healthcare can safeguard itself against cyberthreats

Jonathan Miles
6 min
Jonathan Miles, Head of Strategic Intelligence and Security Research at Mimecast, tells us how the healthcare sector can protect itself from attacks

One of the most fundamental lessons from the COVID crisis is that health should always be a priority.  In a similar fashion to the human body that frequently fights off viruses and foreign invaders that intend to cause it harm, the sector itself is now a prime target for another type of external threat: cyberattacks.

The figures speak for themselves: between December and January this year, hospitals in the UK were at 89% capacity, with 7,000 fewer available beds than there usually are. As the pandemic increased pressure on hospitals, clinics, and research facilities to create a treatment for patients globally, it has left the sector exposed to hackers who, like a virus, have been targeting it relentlessly and evolving their tactics. 

From patient records being held ransom, to fake emails claiming to originate from the UN WHO, the NHS, or vaccine centres, through to attacks on the cold supply chain to find out the secret formula of the COVID vaccine, the healthcare industry is facing constant cyberattacks and struggling to cope. This threat is unlikely to go away anytime soon – and as such, the industry needs to take a proactive, preventative stance to stay safe in a dynamic digital world. 

Going digital 

The responsive nature of healthcare – particularly of hospitals – means that efficiency is crucial to the industry’s standard operations. To support this, the sector has been embracing technological advancements that can improve the quality of work, enabling staff to meet pressing deadlines, and enhancing patient care. For example, the industry has been digitising records and improving its ways of working through digital means over the past few years. 

This shift is critical to offer high quality patient care; yet, it also means the sector has become more dependent on IT, which can come with a risk if cybersecurity processes employed are deemed as inadequate. 

Without the correct security measures in place, the desired efficiency gains realised, can be easily lost in a heartbeat. Simply put, an elementary glitch in the system can have a tremendous ripple effect on many areas, from accessing patient records and conducting scans, to maintaining physical security and protecting the intellectual property of experimental treatment development.

To prevent this, healthcare organisations need to ensure they’re considering cybersecurity as part of their overall digital transformation strategy – and setting the right foundations to create a culture where safety goes hand in hand with patient care. 

Strengthening defences

Before implementing cybersecurity process, healthcare organisations need to assess the potential risks they face. Depending on how much confidential data the trust has, where it is stored, who has access to it and via which means, the cybersecurity strategy and associated solutions will change. 

It’s fair to say that a medical device start-up where all employees have a corporate-sanctioned laptop and access data via a VPN will have radically different needs to a large hospital with hundreds of frontline workers connecting to the hospital’s Wi-Fi using their personal device. 

These requirements will pale by comparison to a global pharmaceutical giant with offices in multiple locations, a large R&D department researching new treatments for complex diseases and a fully integrated supply chain. Considering the existing setup and what the organisations is looking to achieve with its digital transformation strategy will therefore have an immediate impact on the cybersecurity strategy.

Despite this, there are fundamentals that any organisation should implement: 
Review and test your back-up policy to ensure it is thorough and sufficient – By checking that the organisation’s back-up is running smoothly, IT teams can limit any risks of disruption in the midst of an incident and of losing data permanently.

In our recent State of Email Security report, we found that six out of ten organisations have been victims of ransomware in 2020. As a result, afflicted organisations have lost an average of six days to downtime. One third of organisations even admitted that they failed to get their data back, despite paying the ransom. In the healthcare industry, this could mean losing valuable patient records or data related to new treatments – two areas the sector cannot afford to be cavalier about.

Conduct due diligence across the organisation’s supply chain – Healthcare organisations should review their ways of working with partners, providers and regulatory institutions they work with in order to prevent any weak link in their cybersecurity chain. Without this due diligence, organisations leave themselves exposed to the risks of third party-led incidents. 

Roll out mandatory cybersecurity awareness training - Healthcare organisations shouldn’t neglect the training and awareness of their entire staff – including frontline workers who may not access the corporate network on a regular basis. According to our State of Email Security report, only one fifth of organisations carry out ongoing cyber awareness training.

This suggests it is not widely considered as a fundamental part of most organisations cyber-resilience strategy, despite the fact many employees rely on their organisation’s corporate network to work. By providing systematic training, healthcare organisations can help workers at all levels better understand the current cyberthreats they face, how they could impact their organisation, the role they play in defending the networks, and develop consistent, good cybersecurity hygiene habits to limit the risks of incidents. 
Consider a degree of separation – Information and Operational Technology (IT and OT) networks should be separated.

Although mutually supported and reliance on each other, employees shouldn’t be accessing one via the other. This should be complemented by a considered tried and tested contingency and resiliency plan that allows crucial services to function unabated should there be a compromise. Similarly, admin terminals should not have internet access to afford a degree of hardening and protection for these critical accounts.

As the sector becomes a common target for fraudulent and malicious activity, putting cybersecurity at the core of the organisation’s operations is critical. It will help limit the risks of disruption due to cyberattacks, reduce time spent by the cybersecurity team to resolve easily avoidable errors, and ensure that institutions can deliver patient care, safe in the knowledge that their networks are safe.  

Fighting future threats

With technology continuing to change the face of healthcare, the surface area and vectors available for attacks by malicious actors is constantly increasing. With the introduction of apps, networked monitoring devices, and a need for communication, the attack vector is ever expanding, a trend that needs to be monitored and secured against.

To prevent any damage to patients, staff, or the organisation they are responsible for, healthcare leaders must put security front and centre of their digital transformation strategy. Only then can the sector harness the full benefits of technology. Doing this should include implementing cybersecurity awareness training to challenge misconceptions around security, encourage conversation, and to ensure employee knowledge of the security basics and threats faced. 

This ultimately allows healthcare organisations to do what they do best: provide the highest standard of patient care, safe in the knowledge that their operations, patients, and data are safe.

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