[VIDEO] Everything You Need to Know about Ebola and Stopping its Spread
There are a total of 7,492 Ebola cases worldwide, and 1.4 million cases could be seen in Liberia and Sierra Leone if the disease keeps spreading without effective methods to contain it, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
These reports have resulted in several airlines stopping flights to and from countries where Ebola outbreaks are occurring and so the CDC has decided to address the issue.
“We understand that airlines and crews are concerned about Ebola, and we want to make sure we address those concerns,” said Phyllis Kozarsky, MD, Medical Consultant with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine. “The airline industry is an important CDC partner in protecting health security and in transporting humanitarian and public health aid to countries in need.”
“It’s important that airlines and their crew feel secure when flying to countries with Ebola, so we are working with international partners to address your concerns and provide you with the information and resources you need to protect yourselves,” Kozarsky added.
What is Ebola?
Ebola is a severe and often fatal disease in humans that is caused by the Ebola virus. The disease is highly infectious, but transmission can be prevented with proper infection prevention and control procedures.
Once a person is infected with the Ebola virus, symptoms can appear within two to 21 days of exposure, although from eight to 10 days is most common. Symptoms include fever, severe headaches, muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain and unexplained bruising or bleeding.
A person can only spread Ebola when they have symptoms and it is spread through direct contact with a sick person’s body fluids which include blood, saliva, semen, urine and vomit or direct contact with objects contaminated with infected body fluids. Direct contact is through broken skin or the eyes, nose or mouth.
In Africa, Ebola may also be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food such as monkeys).
Stopping the Spread
Before traveling, be sure to have your immunizations up to date, receive a flu shot, take anti-malaria pills and pack any medication that you normally take, the CDC advises.
“The CDC, World Health Organization, Doctors Without Borders, and other partners are working with the ministries of health in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone to respond to the outbreak,” said Kozarsky. “The CDC is advising and training airport authorities and ministries of health on how to conduct exit screening in the affected areas to prevent the international spread of Ebola.”
While there are multiple preventative measures that can be taken to prevent the spread of Ebola, such as wearing waterproof, disposable gloves before touching an ill person or body fluids and wearing surgical masks and protective gowns or aprons, “hand washing is your most important defense against infection,” said Kozarsky.
Watch the video for more detailed information on how best to defend yourself and others from Ebola.
Dubai's new smart neuro spinal hospital: need to know
We take a look at Dubai's new smart hospital.
What: The Neuro Spinal Hospital and Radiosurgery Centre is a new hospital featuring state-of-the-art technology for spinal, neurosurgical, neurological, orthopaedic, radiosurgery and cancer treatments. The 700 million AED hospital, (equivalent to £138 million), has 114 beds, smart patient rooms, and green spaces for patient rehabilitation, and is four times the capacity of its former premises in Jumeirah. It is also the UAE’s first hospital to have surgical robots.
Where: The hospital is located in the Dubai Science Park. Founded in 2005, Dubai Science Park is home to more than 350 companies from multinational corporations in life sciences, biotechnology and research; over 4,000 people work here each day.
Who: The UAE's Neuro Spinal Hospital and Radiosurgery Centre was first established in Jumeirah in 2002 by Dr. Abdul Karim Msaddi, as the first as the first "super-specialty" neuroscience hospital.
Why: With advanced diagnosis and robotics, the hospital will provide care across neuroscience, spine, orthopaedics and oncology for people residing in the UAE, as well as international patients.
Prof. Abdul Karim Msaddi, Chairman and Medical Director of the hospital, said: “We are proud to bring world-class healthcare services to Dubai and believe our next-generation hospital will be a game-changer for the emirate’s and the region’s medical industry.
"It will not only significantly increase the availability of specialist neuroscience and radiosurgery treatments and provide better patient care but help attract and develop local and international talent. Investing in the new centre represents our continued faith in the resilience of the region’s economy, as well as a testament to our ongoing drive towards healthcare innovation in the UAE.”