The future of health is automated – how do we get there?
SolarWinds, headquartered in Austin, Texas, develop software and management services for companies around the world. Sascha Giese, who has the role of "Head Geek" at the company, has more than 10 years of technical IT experience, four of which have been as a senior pre-sales engineer at SolarWinds, during which he was responsible for product training and contributing to the company’s professional certification programme.
According to a 2020 survey, 90% of large healthcare organisations worldwide stated they had an AI and automation strategy, up from 53% in 2019. Here Giese tells us how the sector will continue to change in the years to come.
Why should healthcare providers adopt automation?
If smart healthcare technologies are proven accurate and effective, and if they help maintain services of a consistent standard across society, then stakeholders at every level of the public health system will benefit from this. Automation can help patients receive access to better treatment more quickly, and for as long as healthcare professionals feel confident in the technology and are able to focus their efforts on more specialist requirements, the future of health could be much more advanced.
What impact has COVID-19 had on the use of automation in healthcare?
Innovative health technology is already bringing a range of benefits to millions of people around the world, and automation will only add to this trajectory. For instance, the unprecedented levels of enforced isolation and remote working seen over the past year have increased the acceptance of technology as a cultural and lifestyle norm. The public sector in general, but healthcare in particular, had to utilise more digital services than ever before exceptionally quickly—not only to deal with the urgent health crisis, but to maintain public access to vital day-to-day services.
Following this need, the demand for telehealth technology is growing exponentially. Domestically, the COVID-19 crisis required healthcare services to adapt at a speed described in the media as “10 years of change in one week.”
What barriers are there to more widespread adoption?
One challenge of a booming digital society is the general public’s expectations for online services is high. When people are used to buying a product on Amazon and getting same day delivery, every other website is judged to the same standard.
The contrast between old and new is increasingly obvious and increasingly problematic. For example, often members of the public are still given the option—or are even required—to print forms from government websites, fill them in by hand, and post them to the relevant department. An employee is then responsible for opening all the envelopes, sorting through the documents and scanning the relevant items into their IT systems to be processed.
How do you see automation in healthcare evolving?
At the moment, the direction we’re heading in is extending healthcare automation from administrative tasks into the provision of diagnostic services and treatment. One of the biggest roadblocks for the healthcare sector as it looks to evaluate the use of automation is attracting the best talent and addressing the immense training, reskilling, and upskilling challenge required of a workforce looking to rejuvenate roles and responsibilities. Meeting those needs will play a role in determining the success of healthcare automation in the long term.
How will automation benefit patients?
For one, public healthcare systems are always under pressure to keep costs down, regardless of how much government funding they receive. Automation has a crucial role to play taking on the burden of simple, mundane tasks, and thus, enable employees to focus more on the aspects of healthcare that will continue to remain reliant on human input or interaction.
Another benefit of automation is it will also help elevate service delivery standards. We’ve come to expect high quality user experiences online, and increasingly, the public sector as a whole is investing in ways to match the customer experience of the most popular digital platforms and services. In doing so, our expectation of what constitutes a good telehealth experience will continue to develop and this pressure will drive standards onwards and upwards.
Automation is at the forefront of developing technologies—it has huge potential in almost every industry, and for healthcare, it has the potential to help save lives. The sector must ensure its standards are kept high, as for any new technology, so staff and patients alike benefit from the addition of automation as much as possible, and this will take time. But if the effort is put in to integrate automated technologies amongst existing solutions successfully, the outcome will benefit everyone.
Peloton vulnerable to cyber attacks, McAfee research finds
Peloton, the popular exercise bikes, were found to be vulnerable to cyber attacks according to the latest research from McAfee.
For those still unfamiliar with Peloton, it is a brand of electric bikes that combines high end exercise equipment with cutting-edge technology. Its products use a wi fi connection to connect to a large tablet that interfaces with the components of the exercise device, and provides an easy way for physical activity enthusiasts to attend virtual workout classes over the internet several times a week.
“Behind the scenes is a standard Android tablet, and this hi-tech approach to the exercise bikes has not gone unnoticed. Viral marketing mishaps aside, Peloton has garnered attention recently regarding surrounding the privacy and security of its products. So McAfee decided to take a look for themselves and purchased a Peloton Bike+.
Researchers looked at Android devices, and uncovered a vulnerability that could allow an attacker with either physical access to the Bike+ or access during any point in the supply chain to gain remote access to the bike’s tablet, including the camera, microphone and personal data.
To the user there would be no indication the Bike+ has been tampered with, potentially putting Peloton’s 16.7 million users at risk of being hacked.
The flaw was found in the Android Verified Boot (AVB) process, leaving Peloton open to attackers.
They were able to bypass the Android Verified Boot process, which normally verifies all code and data within the system before booting. Researchers were able to get the device to boot bypassing this step.
This can lead to an Android OS being compromised by an attacker who is physically present. Even worse, the attacker could boot up the Peloton with a modified credential to gain privileges, granting them access to the bike remotely.
As the attacker never has to unlock the device to boot it up, there would be no trace of any access they achieved on the device. This type of attack could also happen at any point from construction to warehouse to delivery, by installing a backdoor into the Android tablet without the user ever knowing.
Given the simplicity and criticality of the flaw, McAfee informed Peloton even as auditing was ongoing. The vendor was sent full details, and shortly after, Peloton confirmed the issue and subsequently released a fix for it.
The patched image no longer allows for the “boot” command to work on a user build, mitigating this vulnerability entirely. Further conversations between McAfee and Peloton confirmed that this vulnerability is also present on the Peloton Tread exercise equipment.
Peloton’s Head of Global Information Security, Adrian Stone, commented on the research: “this vulnerability reported by McAfee would require direct, physical access to a Peloton Bike+ or Tread. Like with any connected device in the home, if an attacker is able to gain physical access to it, additional physical controls and safeguards become increasingly important.
"To keep our members safe, we acted quickly and in coordination with McAfee. We pushed a mandatory update in early June and every device with the update installed is protected from this issue.”