Oscar Pistorius and Össur: Prosthetic technology of Olympic proportions
Written by Christopher Davies
Oscar Pistorius has been one of the major talking points of world athletics for some time now. Despite being a double amputee, Pistorius still believes he can qualify for the London 2012 Olympics after winning his battle to be allowed to compete at the Court of Arbitration for Sport in 2008. As of March 2011, Pistorius was only seven hundredths of a second off the qualification time and firmly believes that he will make the grade, thanks largely to the global leader in orthopaedics, Össur.
Pistorius was born with congenital absence of the fibula in both legs and when he was 11 months old, his legs were amputated halfway between his knees and ankles. However, Pistorius still managed to play water polo and tennis as well as representing Pretoria Boys High School's third XV rugby union team. Having been introduced to running while overcoming a serious rugby knee injury in 2004, Pistorius has never looked back and firmly believes that "You're not disabled by the disabilities you have, you are able by the abilities you have."
Despite winning numerous medals at both the 2004 and 2008 Paralympics, Pistorius wants to take his athletic credentials one step further and compete at the 2012 London Olympics. In spite of various discussions, arguments and high profile court cases, Pistorius has been given the green light and is now fully focused on realising his Olympic ambitions.
At the recent Provincial Championships in Pretoria, Pistorius ran a personal best which would put him in Olympic contention. Pistorius wrote on his Twitter page: “One of the best nights of my life. Ran a 45.61sec 400m Olympic qualifying time and fastest time in South Africa. God is Good. Thank you to everyone for the really kind and motivating mentions.”
Although Pistorius athleticism, hunger and ability is making his Olympic dream a reality, without the help of Össur’s revolutionary prosthetic limb technology, the future for other ambitious sporting amputees would look decidedly bleak.
Össur Flex-Foot Cheetah
Initially it was claimed that Pistorius' prosthetic limbs gave him an unfair advantage, however after appealing to athletics’ governing body the IAAF, the Court of Arbitration for Sport panel believed there was no sufficient evidence to support any metabolic advantage. This was something Össur strongly agreed with believing that its prosthetic foot technology had been used by scores of amputee athletes over the years on an international level and gave none of them an unfair advantage. The product in question was Össur’s Flex-Foot Cheetah, a custom-built, high performance carbon fibre foot designed primarily for sporting activities. Össur claim that this is the 'optimal sprinting foot for both transtibial and transfemoral amputees'.
Van Phillips, prosthetic user and inventor of the Flex-Foot, made revolutionary breakthroughs when developing the product which made it totally unique and enabled ambitious amputees to pursue their sporting dreams. The Flex-Foot's Carbon-X Active Heel feature stores energy during the loading response as the amputee transfers their body weight onto the prosthetic foot. Energy is then gradually released from the heel providing optimal return for every forward movement. This in-turn reduces the impact to the user's joints and residual limbs and therefore increases comfort and reduces the chance of any further damage.
In addition, the Flex-Foot's Energy Vector Optimisation (EVO) feature mimics natural gait progression and reduces fatigue. Each step the amputee takes is optimised through the magnitude, placement and direction of forces for maximum efficiency. The Flex-Foot has a significant advantage over conventional prosthetic feet as different functions are available within the product range to suit each and every amputee’s individual needs. Össur claims that “Twenty years of scientific material research lead to this unparalleled design, making Flex-Foot the ideal choice for durability, comfort and performance.”
It remains to be seen whether Oscar Pistorius will make an appearance at the 2012 London Olympics, however, with Össur’s Flex-Foot Cheetah technology on his side and in his own words, he is only limited by his own ability.
Skin Analytics wins NHSX award for AI skin cancer tool
An artificial intelligence-driven tool that identifies skin cancers has received an award from NHSX, the NHS England and Department of Health and Social Care's initiative to bring technology into the UK's national health system.
NHSX has granted the Artificial Intelligence in Health and Care Award to DERM, an AI solution that can identify 11 types of skin lesion.
Developed by Skin Analytics, DERM analyses images of skin lesions using algorithms. Within primary care, Skin Analytics will be used as an additional tool to help doctors with their decision making.
In secondary care, it enables AI telehealth hubs to support dermatologists with triage, directing patients to the right next step. This will help speed up diagnosis, and patients with benign skin lesions can be identified earlier, redirecting them away from dermatology departments that are at full capacity due to the COVID-19 backlog.
Cancer Research has called the impact of the pandemic on cancer services "devastating", with a 42% drop in the number of people starting cancer treatment after screening.
DERM is already in use at University Hospitals Birmingham and Mid and South Essex Health & Care Partnership, where it has led to a significant reduction in unnecessary referrals to hospital.
Now NHSX have granted it the Phase 4 AI in Health and Care Award, making DERM available to clinicians across the country. Overall this award makes £140 million available over four years to accelerate the use of artificial intelligence technologies which meet the aims of the NHS Long Term Plan.
Dr Lucy Thomas, Consultant Dermatologist at Chelsea & Westminster Hospital, said: “Skin Analytics’ receipt of this award is great news for the NHS and dermatology departments. It will allow us to gather real-world data to demonstrate the benefits of AI on patient pathways and workforce challenges.
"Like many services, dermatology has severe backlogs due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This award couldn't have come at a better time to aid recovery and give us more time with the patients most in need of our help.”