Top 10 Medical Schools around the world
One of the youngest of the Top 10 medical schools is the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, standing at merely five years old. This prestigious institution continues to hold ranks against schools that are three-times older than itself, with an ever-growing faculty comprised of today’s best and brightest minds. One faculty member in particular named Louis J. Ignarro, shared a Nobel Prize in 1998 for work with nitric oxide and the cardiovascular system thus demonstrating the inherent prestige at work within UCLA’s medical school. Currently, the research being published by this highly-desirable medical school concerns the effectiveness of fish oil, revising liver disease in children and intravenous nutrition.
9. Karolinska Institute
Proudly residing in Sweden, this University accounts for more than half of Sweden’s healthcare research and medical discoveries within the country for over 100 years. Famously housing the Nobel assembly, Karolinska has selected Laureates in physiology and medicine since 1901 and continues to produce outstanding scholars in the fields of medicine, physiology, and other health-related fields. This University has had two of its own Laureates selected for their work in prostaglandins and related biologically active substances, which has gained the school both respect and support throughout the years. Current research has been focused around the University’s success in vaccines for a range of diseases from cardiovascular disease, hepatitis C, tuberculosis and HIV.
8. Imperial College London
This University brings together eight West London medical schools together into one institution, with the faculty consisting of five affiliated Laureates; one of these five Laureates being Sir Alexander Fleming who shared the prize with two other Professors, for their work in 1945 after discovering penicillin. The Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust also works closely with the University and the academic health science center in managing five hospitals: Charing Cross Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, Queen Charlotte’s and Chelsea Hospital, St. Mary’s Hospital and Western Eye Hospital. which is one of the largest NHS trusts in London, Researchers recently have published the findings of the “intelligent knife”, which can tell in real time during surgery which tissues are cancerous and which are not.
7. University of Melbourne
The Medical School and the University of Melbourne officially welcomed students in 1862, making it the first Australian medical school. With famous alumni including Nobel Laureates Sir Frank MacFarlane Burnet and Sir John Eccles, this school’s success lies in its first-class researchers and outstanding graduates. Based out of Victoria, Australia, this school specializes in a range of healthcare needs from rural health, to policy and practice, to clinical research, to community healthcare services and more. Currently, Professor Peter Doherty discovered how the human immune system recognizes virus-infected cells, which has led to not only national progress in healthcare but international success as well. Recently working diligently with epilepsy, this medical school has recently gained success in developing and testing a device that can be implemented into the brain to predict epileptic seizures.
6. Yale University
Founded in 1810, Yale University stands in New Haven, Connecticut as the sixth oldest medical school in the U.S. Dr. George E Palade region. Yale Medical School was the first to use chemotherapy to treat cancer, and was also the first University to discover Lyme disease. Home to the Yale-New Haven Hospital and the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library, this institution is well-known for its award-winning faculty which is comprised of 62 National Academy of Science members, 40 Institute of Medicine investigators and 16 Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators. Most recently, Yale has been in the spotlight for its brain research; more specifically speaking about the recent discovery of a technique for tracking electrical activity in the brain with fluorescent proteins, and having the proteins respond to optical sensors.
5. Stanford University
Stanford University resides in Stanford, California, where it has proudly produced four Nobel Laureates over the years from both students and its prestigious faculty members. Comprised of students and faculty dedicated to improving human health locally, nationally and globally, Stanford continues to provide quality patient care and well-trained professionals to the workforce through its main three modes of operation: Stanford’s School of Medicine, Stanford Hospitals and Clinics and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. Most notably as of late, in terms of the modern day research produced from Stanford, has been the University’s research and findings concerning the molecular flashlight; this discovery has helped people to outline tumors with improved accuracy and can target specific areas of the tumor for drug delivery. Another impressive research facet of the institution is its work with Alzheimer research, and the development of a newly discovered protein called C1q.
4. University of Cambridge
Dating back to 1540, the teaching of medicine at the University of Cambridge began with King Henry VIII appointing the University’s first Professorship to Dr. John Blyth for his groundbreaking work in physics. Housed in the United Kingdom, this world-renowned name is not only responsible for cultivating the minds of Stephen Hawking and Lord Kelvin, but consists of 31 constituent colleges with academic departments resulting in six separate schools of academia. The University’s Medical School has most recently been spearheading research on anti-HIV and HIV RNA packaging signal drugs and research, earning itself a worldwide reputation as one of the most credible and respectable medical schools. This institution specializes in research, medical education, graduate students and clinical academic training in order to present well-rounded, well-educated professionals into the healthcare field.
3. John Hopkins
Four years after the opening of John Hopkins Hospital, the John Hopkins School of Medicine was established and has ranked number 1 for 21 years in a row by US News & World Report. Most recently the research and technology produced at John Hopkins has centered around preventing type 2 diabetes, stem cells and the risk factors of heart failure in order to protect those people with predisposed genetic mutations like ARVD/C. Combining the concepts of research, teaching and patient care, John Hopkins School of Medicine has evolved into a nonprofit virtual $6.7 billion enterprise consisting of educated and productive physicians and scientists. Most recently, John Hopkins Professor Carol Greider won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology, joining the 19 other successful winners that John Hopkins has produced.
2. University of Oxford
From as early as the 14th century, Oxford Medicine has been hard at work discovering and identifying the hidden truths of science and medicine which have dramatically influenced modern healthcare. Located in Oxford, England, this institution attracts students from around the globe with its outstanding 91 percent satisfaction rating from students, in terms of their experiences while at the University. Obtaining 16 Nobel Prize throughout its years and earning worldwide prestige, one of the most notable accomplishments still stands from 1945 for the work in penicillin and its curative effects. Specializing in an array of expertise from becoming a general practitioner to a brain surgeon, Oxford Medicine has prepared hundreds of thousands of the world’s most successful and influential minds of medicine.
Since its opening in 1782, Harvard Medical School has grown from a modest group of three students to now producing nine Nobel Prize winners, and thousands of influential international figureheads in the fields on science and medicine throughout the years. This school not only stands as Healthcare Global’s number one medical school, but is the most desirable and prestigious school in America with over 35,000 yearly applicants and only 5.8 percent of those applicants being admitted. Located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, this New England jewel stands as the world leader in research and academia through its commitment to research, classroom and clinical learning and teaching. Currently in the spotlight for Linda Buck’s 2004 discovery in the olfactory system and for the Dana-Faber Cancer Institute’s development of a personalized tumor vaccine for leukemia patients, Harvard has consistently proven to be the one to beat when it comes to cultivating the world’s best medical personnel.
Top 10 healthcare innovations for 2019
We take a look at some of the top 10 healthcare innovations which are transforming the sector
The telehealth market is booming. Consumers are leading increasingly busy lifestyles, with up to 60% favouring digitally-led services. Providing clinical care at a distance, increasing accessibility and eradicating potential delays has given patients greater control, boosting patient satisfaction and overall engagement. Such is its exponential growth, The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in the US has recently released its proposed Physician Fee Schedule and Qualified Payment Programme updates for 2019, where telehealth services has been heavily featured, in order to deliver ‘different access points’ for patients.
9. Mobile technology
Consumers have become accustomed to accessing their data through the use of various digital tools, where the use of mobile and tablet health apps has tripled from 13% in 2014 to 48% today. Catering to this growing market, British based start-up Babylon Health is making waves on a global scale. Partnering with the National Health Service (NHS) and private health provider, Bupa, it has also cemented its presence across the flourishing Chinese market, with a membership base exceeding 1.4mn citizens across Europe, Asia and Africa. By partnering with global juggernaut Tencent, Babylon’s artificial intelligence system has enabled both parties to interact directly with users, identify specific illnesses, deliver health status assessments, and triage necessary actions. The mobile app is available to over a billion users and linked to more than 38,000 medical facilities in China alone.
8. Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) applications, such as predictive analytics for patient monitoring has provided significant financial savings. Applications that target hospitals and medical institutions include patient monitoring and transcribing notes for electronic health records (EHRs). The European Union is set to invest $24bn into artificial intelligence (AI) by 2020 in a bid to catch up with Asia and the US, who have invested heavily in AI and cloud services. This year, Google revealed its plans to harness AI and machine learning across a multitude of consumer technologies, particularly in healthcare. “If AI can shape healthcare, it has to work through the regulations of healthcare. In fact, I see that as one of the biggest areas where the benefits will play out for the next 10-20 years,” Google CEO Sundar Pichai has previously stated.
Blockchain is estimated to reach over $5.61bn by the end of 2025, even though it remains dependent on the ability to record and store information conveniently, economically and securely amongst different applications and systems. Providing transparency and eliminating third-party intermediaries, processes are streamlined, reducing healthcare costs exponentially. Unlocking the ability for providers to deliver a value-based healthcare system and enhance patient engagement, blockchain could save the industry up to $100-$150bn per year by 2025 in data breach-related costs, IT costs, operations costs, support function costs and personnel costs, according to BIS Research. Partnering with pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Ethereum blockchain-based supply chain platform, Viant sought to accelerate the pace of blockchain-based supply chain systems. Accenture and supply chain giant DHL have also developed a blockchain-based serialisation prototype which tracks pharmaceuticals from the point of origin to the consumer.
6. Health wearables
With the rise of lifestyle diseases, such as diabetes, more consumers are turning to health wearables that monitor glucose, heart rate, physical activity and sleep to gain a greater understanding of their health conditions. Following on from the release of the first Bluetooth headset back in 2000, the growing interest in wearables has seen monitoring our health and data become standardised. This data can be analysed by sophisticated algorithms to drive long-term diagnosis and support. Partnering with Google, health wearables company Fitbit is exploring the development of consumer and enterprise health solutions. Its acquisition of HIPAA-compliant health platform, Twine Health has seen the business enhance its clinical services by bringing on board a coaching platform, empowering people to seek better health outcomes.
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5. Electronic health records tools
From 2018-2022, the electronic health records (EHR) market is expected to grow at a compound average rate of 6% per year Providers and organisations continue to house fragmented technologies which create barriers towards collaboration and data sharing opportunities. This is further exacerbated if a patient straddles both public and private healthcare. Technology giant Apple has integrated patients’ medical records into its Health App as part of its iOS 11.3 beta. The data is encrypted and protected with the user’s iPhone passcode. Partnering with hospital providers and clinics, patients are now able to view their medical records from multiple providers within one platform. Johns Hopkins Medicine, Cedars-Sinai, Penn Medicine, UC San Diego Health and even the Cleveland Clinic have implemented this technology.
4. Healthcare transportation
Non-emergency health transportation remains a key issue worldwide, preventing patients from getting to or from a doctor’s appointment. 25% of lower-income patients have missed or rescheduled appointments due to lack of transportation, costing US health systems up to $150bn each year. Transportation companies such as Lyft and Uber have therefore entered the market by partnering with state governments to reduce these costs and deliver personalised patient care.
3. 3D Printing
Healthcare providers are set to represent the second largest industry sector in 3D manufacturing. The Food & Drug Administration’s decision to release its first comprehensive framework advising manufacturers of 3D medical products highlights its growing impact where more than 100,000 knee replacement surgeries are completed each year using 3D-printed, patient-matched surgical guides, for example. Through this process, surfaces and structures can be optimised for strength, weight and material use. Consultation between surgeons and patients has also been bolstered, where patients can better understand the complexity of his or her specific needs.
As consumers get more involved in the management of their health, consumer genetics and research companies have grown in popularity and scale. People want to further understand their genetic makeup, leading personal genomics and biotech company 23andMe to become one of the largest consumer-based organisations worldwide. Interestingly, this year, the company has entered a four-year collaboration with GSK to develop new treatments, but using human genetics as the basis for discovery.
Not only looking to develop treatments by analysing human genetics, pharmaceutical companies are looking to even remove hereditary genes which pass diseases down generations. In 2017, human embryos were successfully ‘edited’ through gene editing tool, CRISPR (Clustered, Regularly Interspaced, Short Palindromic Repeats), eradicating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy within 42 embryos.
1. Vertical integrations
As healthcare providers aim to provide greater transparency, promote collaboration and lower escalating patient costs, 2018 has been the year for a significant number of vertical integrations. CVS Health’s $68mn takeover of health insurer Aetna is a case in point. By influencing more of the supply chain, it will gain significant negotiating power to reduce costs for payers and patients, develop personalised solutions and improve overall outcomes. It will also promote the eradication of delays in process by removing any third parties within traditional business models. Other notable integrations are Optum’s acquisition of the DaVita Medical Group, Humana and Kindred Healthcare and Cigna and Express Scripts.
Reports have indicated that not only has the number of healthcare deals more than doubled in the last five years, the size of deals has also grown as a result of repeat investor interest, highlighting that this trend is here to stay.